How you can use Fossil Fuel in chemical Engineering

Fossil Fuel

Fossil fuels are defined as those fuels which are produced by natural processes such as anaerobic decomposition of dead organisms which are buried under the surface of the earth. The organisms and the fossil fuels which are generated out of these buried organisms have million of years old. Sometimes age exceeds 650 million years. Fossil fuels posses rich percentage of carbon and also contains coal, petroleum and natural gas. Fossil fuels also contain mostly used derivatives like kerosene and propane.Ng used .abundantly
This theory was first commercialized by Georgius Agricola in 1556 and after  Georgius this theory was introduced by Mikhail Lomonosov in the 18th century. Mostly the fossil fuels are used in world for fuel requirement. Fossil fuels consists of three renowned fuels. These include coal, petroleum and natural gas. These three fuels are widely used for different purposes. A survey is conducted in 2007. According to this survey, the Energy Information Administration provides information about primary sources of energy. Primary sources of energy contains petroleum 36.0%, coal 27.4% and natural gas 23.0%. In 2007, fossil fuels posses a share of 86.4% and they are main sources of primary energy consumption in the world. While non fossil fuels which consist of hydroelectric, nuclear, geothermal, wind, solar, tidal, waste and wood does not contribute in such a huge figure like fossil fuels. Their contribution in 2006 is very low as compared to fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are known as non-renewable energy resources. Because once they consumed they cannot be recycled. This is the major drawback of fossil fuel.
Fossil fuels are being used abundantly. Their utilization is much faster than their formation. Fossil fuels have serious environmental concerns. They release carbon dioxide and other poisonous gases. These gases are harmful for human being and other living creatures. These gases cause serious diseases in living beings. Fossil fuels produces around 21.3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide per year. These emissions have other serious issues. The air pollutants which comes from combustion of fossil fuels includes nitrogen oxide, volatile organic compounds, sulphur dioxide and heavy metals. Sulfuric, nitric and carbonic acids are produced as a result of combustion of fossil fuels and they fall to earth as acid rain affecting both natural areas and environment. Bottom ash and fly ash in large amounts are generated from burning of coal. Burning and fly ash are to be used in a number of applications.
Although fossil fuels have serious environmental threats, but their importance cannot be ignored. Fossil fuel plays an important role in economic growth, development and prosperity of a country. The world is majorly dependent on fossil fuel. Because without fossil fuels, no powerful source of energy exists. Coal is used in different industries as a fuel. It is used in cement plants, fertilizer plants, and in other processing and chemical industries. Petroleum and its derivatives are of more importance both domestically and commercially. From crude oil, a large number of products are generated. These include lubricants, grease, napthalene and kerosene. Natural gas is also a major source of fuel. It is used both in domestic applications and in industrial applications. These fossil fuels keeps a major share in global market. Without fossil fuels, the world cannot survive.            

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