What is Industrial Chemistry ?


Industrial Chemistry

Industries are the valuable asset of a country. They play an important role in economic development and economic growth of a country. Industries generate a huge amount of revenue for a country. Industries provide a large number of benefits. They provide employment to workers, labors and engineers. In industries, different products are produced by using different processes.
Industrial chemistry can be defined as a branch of chemistry which deals with the processing of materials into useful products. Industrial chemistry is a wide and versatile field. In industrial chemistry, we learn about processing of different products. Industrial chemistry also deals with optimization of different parameters. The optimization of these parameters helps us to become a certain process efficient. When a process is optimized, then we can make the process cost effective. Optimization can be made in different parameters like temperature, heat and flow.
In industries temperature, pressure, level and flow are important parameters. These parameters influence the performance of a certain process. Different process industries are working all over the world. Process industries include cement, fertilizers, paper, chemicals, petrochemicals, refineries and plastics. In these industries, different processes are being carried out for manufacturing of different products.
Cement industry is a very important process industry. In cement industry, cement is produced after executing different processes. The main raw materials which are used in production of cement include lime stone, clay, laterite and bauxite. These raw materials are passing through different stages and different types of processes are executed on these materials. Some of important types of processes include crushing, grinding and heating. These processes are unique in their characteristics. Different processes require different temperature for formation of their end product.

The end product in cement industry is clinker. Gypsum is added from 5 to 6% in clinker. Gypsum enhance the setting time of cement. Then finally cement is produced. Fertilizer industry is also an important and special industry. In fertilizer industry, different processes are being carried out for production of different fertilizers. Different fertilizers have different characteristics. Their advantages are depended on their careful use and nature of soil. The selection of different fertilizers depends on nature of soil and composition of different elements which are present in soil.
Petrochemical is very charming industry in every aspect. It creates a large amount of revenue and contributes in national economy in a better way. Petrochemical industry has a large setup. Petrochemicals are basically chemical products which are obtained from petroleum. The two important classes which come under petroleum include olefins and aromatics. Olefins contain ethylene and propene and aromatics include benzene, toluene and xylene isomers. The petroleum is composed of two words petra and oleum. Petra means rock and oleum means oil. So, petroleum means rock oil. Petroleum is also known as crude oil.
Major petrochemicals are organic chemicals. There are some methods through which we separate the individual species from petroleum. These methods are (i) distillation and (ii) selective adsorption. Petroleum also generates 98% of raw material for aromatic compounds. Kerosene, naphthalene, grease, wax and paving material are obtained from petroleum.

Petrochemical industry is an important icon of a country. Petroleum mainly influences on economy of a country. Different types of lubricant are produced from petroleum. Paper, chemical and plastic industry also comes under process industry. Different types of processes occur in these industries. Chemical analysis is also being done in different industries. Quality control is very important for performance of a product. Quality is also checked and maintained in almost all industries.
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